Risks and complications of dental implants
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Today dental implants have a very good long-term prognosis. More than 90% of implants placed by experienced implantologists are still in full service after ten years. These are figures which cannot be matched by other medical disciplines, if we think of hip replacement in orthopaedics for example. Nevertheless, even with the most careful planning and performance of the procedure failures can still occur. Overloading of the bone or bacterial infections can lead to failure of implants or bone augmentations, less often adjacent sensory nerves or dental roots may be damaged.
The main risk factors for implant failure are:
- poor oral hygiene
- heavy smoking
- marked bone loss in the jaw
- poorly controlled diabetes with fluctuating blood glucose levels
- reduced immunity, e.g. in patients taking immunosuppressants after organ transplantation or patients with severe rheumatoid arthritis or other autoimmune diseases.
Regular check-ups and meticulous daily oral hygiene are the best prerequisites for lasting success of the implant treatment. If there is nevertheless implant failure, a renewed implantation can usually be performed after the bone has healed.
Chapter overview: Implants
- What is an implant?
- Single-tooth implant
- Implants in the toothless jaw
- Bone augmentation
- New surgical procedures
- Immediate implants
- Risks and complications of dental implants
- Costs and guarantee of implant treatment
- Questions and answers about dental implants
Download the entire illustrated text Better Quality of Life with Dental Implants:
Better Quality of Life with Dental Implants (pdf 2 MB, possibly long download time)